What You Will Need Before You Begin
Tools and Supplies
You will need some solvents to keep your tools clean and to wipe up any spills. We recommend Denatured Alcohol or Xylene for cleaning epoxy, and we recommend MEK or Xylene for cleaning polyavastic.
for applying the primer/basecoat and the intermediate coat.
for applying the topcoat.
for backrolling the primer/basecoat, the intermediate coat and the topcoat.
get plenty of these as there will be times it will be inefficient to clean them or you may be unable to remove a used roller cover.
fits any drill. This is to preblend the resins before blending them with the stone, and to blend the primer (when primer is necessary) and to blend the topcoat.
Have one of these on hand if you are going to be installing in the direct sunlight.
This is to remove the excess aggregate between coats. If the floor is large enough to not waste the materials, then the blower is helpful as it makes the job go faster.
This is an optional tool as the aggregate can also be broadcast by hand. This is for flooring contractors who do these floors frequently.
Disposable Nitrile Gloves for blending resins. Throw away after each use. These are intermittent use, all day use of unlined disposable gloves can blister your hands. Also extended use of disposable gloves is not recommended as they can puncture easily.
3M Half Facepiece Reusable Respirator 6300/07026(AAD), Respiratory Protection (cartridges not included)
Organic Vapor Respirators are Mandatory for Working with Polyavastic.
Important Download 3M's cartridge replacement plan here.
Movement Joint Profiles - Here are some tools and filler options we recommend to cut and fill joints.
Frontier Deck Joint is an extruded PVC deck joint material available in 12 foot lengths. This product is placed into freshly poured concrete to create an effective weakened plane. Frontier Deck Joint's design features "T" members that provide a water stop. If a full expansion is necessary, or a detailed pattern is desired, use Frontier Deck Joints in combination with Frontier Rigid Hold.
Rigid PVC expansion joint to be used in exterior patios, driveways, pool decks or wherever less flexibility is desired to assure straight lines in decking. The 5/8″ x 1-5/16″ expansion joint is deep enough to produce required crack control, but not so deep as to interfere with steel placement. For full-expansion joint control, use with their Rigid Hold.
Rigid Hold is a full expansion base that is used to preset either Frontier Deck Joint or Rigid Deck Joint. This product provides a full expansion three inch in height. Rigid Hold is especially useful when a pre-set grid pattern is desired.
Safety: when applying the epoxy primer/basecoat
- Wear chemical goggles when blending the epoxy.
- Wear nitrile gloves when handling the epoxy.
Safety: when applying the polyavastic intermediate coat and topcoat
- Even though you are working outside, ALWAYS wear a respirator with a 3M Organic Vapor Cartridge/Filter 60921 Cartridge when working with polyavastic, whether blending, squeegeeing or backrolling. Be sure to follow the cartridge replacement plan.
- Wear chemical goggles when blending the polyavastic.
- Wear nitrile gloves when handling the polyavastic.
Step 1: Concrete Preparation
Concrete Preparation Instructions
The concrete shall be clean, dry and sound. Remove dust, laitance, grease, curing compounds, waxes, foreign particles and any previously applied potentially incompatible coatings by scarifying, chipping, wire brushing, acid etching, pressure washing or by using a Diamabrush. Surface profile achieved shall be in the range of a CSP-2 to CSP-3 (similar to a light or medium grit sandpaper). If pressure washing or any other liquid method is used for preparation, the concrete should be fully rinsed, squeeze-dry mopped and allowed to completely dry.
New concrete must cure for at least 28 days at 70°F (21°C), and have been free from water for at least 7 days. If badly cracked or crumbling, a new concrete topping of proper thickness and strength should be installed. Swollen areas should be chipped out and any cracks, spalls, joints or other depressions filled with our underlayment. The concrete should be at least 3500 psi. Concrete hydrostatic or moisture pressure must be no greater than 3.0 lbs./ 1000 sf / 24 hours per ASTM F1869 and relative humidity (RH) in the concrete must be a maximum of 75° per ASTM F2170.
The slab temperature must be conditioned to be between 60°F and 85°F and the atmospheric relative humidity below 80% before commencing installation, during installation, and for at least 72 hours after installation is complete. The substrate temperature must be at least 5°F above the dew point during installation. Installation should occur at a time of day while temperature is falling to lesson outgassing. If possible, avoid installation during direct sunlight.
Note: atmospheric relative humidity is a different measurement than the relative humidity in the concrete. The first is the amount of water vapor present in the air and the latter is the amount of moisture in the concrete slab.
Video: The Home Depot Tool Rental Center- Concrete Floor Preparation
Video: Diamabrush Hand Tools for Pros - The Home Depot
Video: Diamabrush Removal Tool Training
Video: Diamabrush Hand Tools
Diamabrush Floor Preparation Tools
Before buying replacement blades for Diamabrush the Concrete Prep Plus Tool recommend first making sure that either a new head or the larger set of replacment isn't cheaper - as the prices fluctuate.
To check and moniter the substrate temperature. Be sure to check various spots on the floor as the substrate tempurature will likely vary from one spot to another.
Concrete Slab Relative Humidity Test Results in Just 24 Hours
Calcium chloride tests should be conducted to determine if the concrete is sufficiently dry for the floor installation. The calcium chloride tests should be conducted in accordance with the latest edition of ASTM F 1869, Standard Test Method for Measuring Vapor Emission Rate of Concrete Subfloor Using Anhydrous Calcium Chloride. When running a calcium chloride test, it is important to remove any grease, oil, curing agents, etc. so accurate readings can be obtained. Concrete hydrostatic, capillary or moisture pressure must be no greater than 3.0 lbs./1000 sf/24 hours.
Use for weighing the calcium chloride test kits before and after the test.
Step 2: Primer
Pour 3 parts Everlast® Hi-Grip Primer Part A and 2 parts Everlast® Hi-Grip Primer Part B (by volume) into a measuring container and mix thoroughly. (for example, measure out 48 ounces part A and 32 ounces part B, or, 1 gallon part A and 85 ⅓ ounces part B). Then it can be applied with a paint roller.Coverage for Everlast® Hi-Grip Primer is about 170 sf per gallon but will vary depending on porosity of the substrate and on surface texture.
Step 3: Base Coat
necessary when the substrate is wood or when waterproofing is needed - otherwise skip to step 4
Everlast® Deck Coating Base comes in one-component units, mix well before using. Apply it at a rate of 40 - 50 square feet per gallon with a squeegee, roller, or notched trowel. Always follow by backrolling. If the surfaces is sloped or pitched, apply 2 seperate coats, each at a rate of 80 - 100 sf per gallon.
Step 4: Outdoor Tough Flooring/Decking
Everlast® Outdoor Tough Flooring/Decking comes in one-component units, mix well before using. Apply it at a rate of 150 square feet per gallon with a squeegee, roller, or notched trowel. Always follow by backrolling. Then broadcast in the Everlast® Outdoor Tough Aggregate to rejection (which is about ½ pound per square foot).
Step 5: Topcoat
Topcoat for Garages
Use EVIC0898 Everlast® Outdoor Tough Polyaspartic for garages (because this topcoat provides some resistance to hot tire marks).
If the application will be done in temperatures of 78° or warmer, use the slower cure version, EVIC0898SF Everlast® Outdoor Tough Polyaspartic.
Sweep up or vacuum the excess color quartz.
The mix ratio is 3 parts A to 2 parts B. Apply with a roller at the rate of 130 squaree feet per gallon.
Traffic should not be allowed on the finished flooring for 6 hours, and keep vehicles off of it for 48 hours.
Topcoat for Outdoors
Sweep up or vacuum the excess color quartz.
Everlast® Outdoor Tough Topcoat comes in one-component units, mix well before using.
Apply the topcoat with a with a thick nap roller cover at the rate of 100 square feet per gallon.
Traffic should not be allowed on the finished flooring for 24 hours.